Your employees may be eligible for Statutory Sick Pay (SSP), which is up to £96.35 a week for up to 28 weeks.
To qualify for Statutory Sick Pay employees must:
- Have an employment contract
- Have done some work under their contract
- Have been sick for 4 or more days in a row (including non-working days) – known as a ‘period of incapacity for work’
- Earn an average of at least £120 per week
- Give you notice and proof of illness when needed
Coronavirus (COVID-19) eligibility:
You must pay your employee from the first ‘qualifying day’ they’re off work – a ‘qualifying day’ is a day an employee usually works on.
You must pay an employee SSP on or after the following dates if they’re self-isolating for at least 4 days in a row (including non-working days) and any of the following apply:
- 13 March 2020 – if they or someone they live with has symptoms or has tested positive for COVID-19
- 28 May 2020 – if your employee has been notified by the NHS or public health authorities that they’ve come into contact with someone with COVID-19
- 6 July 2020 – if someone in their support bubble (or extended household in Scotland or Wales) has symptoms or has tested positive for COVID-19
- 26 August 2020 – if your employee has been advised by a doctor or healthcare professional to self-isolate before going into hospital for surgery
- Were self-isolating on or after 13 March 2020 because they or someone they live with had COVID-19 or symptoms of COVID-19
- Started self-isolating on or after 28 May 2020 because they were notified by the NHS or public health authorities that they’ve come into contact with someone with COVID-19
- Were self-isolating on or after 6 July 2020 because someone in their support bubble (or extended household in Scotland or Wales) but not their own household had symptoms or tested positive for COVID-19
- Have tested positive for COVID-19 since 5 August 2020
- Were self-isolating on or after 26 August because they had been advised to do so by a doctor or healthcare professional before going into hospital for surgery
- Were shielding before: 1 April 2021 in England and Wales, 26 April 2021 in Scotland, 12 April 2021 in Northern Ireland
Employees will not qualify for SSP if they are self-isolating after entering or returning to the UK, and do not need to self-isolate for any other reason. You can find a full list of eligibility and exceptions here.
To support businesses experiencing increases in costs or financial disruptions, the Government brought forward legislation to allow employers to reclaim Statutory Sick Pay paid to current or former employees for sickness absence due to COVID-19.
The scheme covers all types of employment contracts, including:
- Full-time employees
- Part-time employees
- Employees on agency contracts
- Employees on flexible or zero-hour contracts
- Fixed term contracts (until the date their contract ends)
You can claim back up to 2 weeks of Statutory Sick Pay if:
- You’re claiming for an employee who’s eligible for sick pay due to Coronavirus (see eligibility above)
- You have already paid your employee’s sick pay (use the SSP calculator to work out how much to pay)
- Your PAYE payroll scheme started on or before 30 November 2021
- You had fewer than 250 employees on 30 November 2021
You can reclaim up to £96.35 a week for each employee. You can make more than one claim per employee, but you cannot claim for more than 2 weeks in total. You cannot reclaim SSP if your employee is off sick for any other reason and you can currently only claim for employees who were off work between 21 December 2021 and 17 March 2022.
The Statutory Sick Pay Rebate Scheme closes for coronavirus related absences after 17 March 2022. Employers have up to and including 24 March 2022 to submit any final claims and amend claims they’ve already submitted.
Employees do not have to give you a doctor’s fit note for you to make a claim. But you can ask them to give you either:
- An isolation note from NHS 111 – if they are self-isolating and cannot work because of Coronavirus
- A ‘shielding note’ or a letter from their doctor or health authority advising them to shield because they’re at high risk of severe illness from Coronavirus
Using an agent to do PAYE online
- If you use an agent who is authorised to do PAYE online for you, they will be able to claim on your behalf. You should speak to your agent about whether they are providing this service
- If you would like to use an agent, but do not have one authorised to do PAYE online for you, you can do that by accessing your HMRC online services and selecting ‘manage account’
- You must be enrolled in PAYE online for employers to do this and will need to ask your agent for their agent ID. Your agent can get this from their HMRC online service for agents by selecting ‘authorise client’
- You can also use this service to remove authorisation from your agent if you do not want it to continue after they have submitted your claims
- If an agent makes a claim on your behalf, you will need to tell them which bank account you would like the grant to be paid into. You must only provide bank details where a BACS payment can be accepted
Records you must keep
You must keep the following records for 3 years after the date you receive the payment for your claim:
- The dates the employee was off sick
- Which of those dates were qualifying days
- The reason they said they were off work – if they had symptoms, someone they lived with had symptoms or they were shielding
- The employee’s National Insurance number
You can choose how you keep records of your employees’ sickness absence. HMRC may need to see these records if there’s a dispute over payment of statutory sick pay.
How to claim
- You must have paid your employees’ sick pay before you claim it back
- You can claim back Coronavirus-related Statutory Sick Pay using the online service
- If you use an agent who is authorised to do PAYE online for you, they will be able to claim on your behalf
Employers who are unable to claim online should have received a letter on an alternative way to claim. Contact HMRC if you have not received a letter and are unable to make any eligible claims online.
If you’re claiming for wage costs through the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme, you can claim back from both the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme and the Coronavirus Statutory Sick Pay Rebate Scheme for the same employee but not for the same period of time.
If you need further support or advice, please don’t hesitate to contact us on 01249 712074 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
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